Episode 4.1 — August 20, 2019

Episode 4.1

The Battle of Athens part one

During the Axis occupation between 1941 and 1944, the Communist backed ELAS resistance forces become the most powerful of the Greece resistance groups.  Following the withdrawal of the German Army in the autumn of 1944 from Greece, the Communists seize control of most Greek towns.  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill orders British troops to occupy Athens in support of the returning Greek Government in exile led by Prime Minister George Papandrou, a biography of the Greek Prime Minister.  The Greek Government and the commander of the British Army in Athens orders the Communist to disarm.  A massive left wing protest in Athens is fired upon by the Police.  A Communist uprising captures most of Athens, they fight the British Army for full control of the City and the British Army is forced into a small area in the centre of the City.

To be published on Saturday 7th September.

George Papandreou
Greece —

Greece

Greece is 70% mountainous and 20% of the land mass is on the islands of Greece.  The Greek Civil War which took place between 1946 and 1949, battle were fought though out the country however the largest and most important took place in the North near to the border with Communist states of Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

When the Cold War got hot season four — July 27, 2019

When the Cold War got hot season four

Welcome to When the Cold War got Hot, season four dealing with the military history of the Cold War in Europe from 1945 to 1956, will begin from Saturday 7th September, podcast episodes will about twenty minutes long and give a detailed account of the military or political situation involved.

Season four will began with a weekly ten part series on Greece, dealing with the Battle of Athens which the British Army fought a street to street battle with Greek Communist in December 1944 and January 1945 and then the Greek Civil War which lasted from 1946 to 1949 and was the largest military conflict in Europe after the Second World War until the Yugoslav Civil War. The Greek Civil War was a brutal civil war, where Greeks killed Greeks, it was fought between the western backed Government and Greek Communist.

The Greek Civil War produced the Truman doctrine which stated that the United States would back any Government fighting Communist aggression with money, arms and help with training but the fighting and the dying would be done by local troops not Americans. That policy would prove far more effective than the direct American military involvements in Korea and Vietnam.

The Greek Civil War would be one of the few success in the fight against Communist in the decade after the Second World War, when the Soviet established a empire in Eastern and Central Europe, the Communists won the Chinese Civil War and when Communist revolts would tie down the French in Indochina and the British in Malaya. As I will explain the Communist defeat in the Greek Civil War had more to do with Communist mistakes than the Truman doctrine.

After that there will be single or double episodes on the crisis over Trieste which nearly led to war between Communist Yugoslavia and the United States and did led to the deaths of American and Yugoslav serviceman. The Communist take over of Poland and Czechoslovakia. Stalin’s Berlin blockade, the attempt by the United States and Britain to foster a counter revolution in Albania which might succeeded had it not been that the British spy chief in charge was Kim Philby who was a Soviet agent. The 1953 East German People’s revolt and a short series on the 1956 Hungarian Revolution.

 

 

Episode 3.15 — March 25, 2019

Episode 3.15

The Communist revolts in the Philippines and Burma

In 1946 Philippines become Independent however there much corruption and Police oppression.  There begin a rural revolt, until May 1948 the Communist do not support it but then after the Calcutta conference they change they position.  When the Korean War starts the United States Government increases military aid to the Government of the Philippines but insist that Ramon Magsaysay become Minster of Defence to led the fight back against the now Communist supported rebellion.  A biography of Ramon Magsaysay who became President of the Philippines.  In 1948 a Communist revolt begin in Burma which would last for more than 40 years.

To be published on Saturday 30th March

President Magsaysay of the Philippines
Episode 3.14 — March 19, 2019

Episode 3.14

A year of living dangerously

There is growing distrust between Indonesian President Sukarno and the Communists toward the Army Generals.  After a failed left wing coup in October 1965, the Generals turn on the communist killing at least a million of them.  In 1966 the Generals begin to oust Sukarno from power.  A biography of General Suharto the man who would rule Indonesian for the next thirty years.  He would break all ties with Communist countries and become an ally of the west.

To be published on Saturday 23rd March

General Suharto
Episode 3.13 — March 12, 2019

Episode 3.13

The Indonesian Confrontation part three

Indonesian troops launch raids against the Malayan mainland.  In North Borneo there are several firefights between Indonesian and Commonwealth troops, the Commonwealth forces gaining the upper hand.  Commonwealth special forces launch raids into Indonesia.  The war peters out in 1966 after dramatic events within Indonesia in 1965.

To be published on Saturday 16th March

Major General George Lea
Episode 3.12 — February 28, 2019

Episode 3.12

The Indonesian Confrontation part two

The leftish revolt in North Borneo in 1962, it defeated by the British Army.  Indonesian President Sukarno decides to deploy Indonesian troops to fight in North Borneo in 1963.  The Battle of Long Jawai.  The British hand over North Borneo to Malaysia, who sent troops to North Borneo.  British forces remain to protect North Borneo.  A biography of General Walter Walker the commander of Commonwealth forces in North Borneo.

To be published on Saturday 9th March

General Walton Walker

 

Episode 3.11 — February 25, 2019

Episode 3.11

The Indonesian Confrontation part one

The Indonesian War of Independence against the Dutch.  A biography of Indonesian President Sukarno who becomes a dictator.  Sukarno growing links with the Communist both at home and aboard.  Sukarno opposes British plans to hand over North Borneo to Malaysia.  The geography of North Borneo.

 

President Sukarno
Indonesian Confrontation — February 14, 2019

Indonesian Confrontation

The Malaya emergency was not the last time that Malaysia with the support of the British Commonwealth would face left wing guerrillas, between 1962 and 1966 they would be a war in North Borneo but this time the guerrillas would have the support of the Army of the pro Soviet Government of Indonesia.  This little remembered war would have a major impact on South East Asia and swing the balance of favour in the cold War there in favour of the West.  Over four episodes, I will deal with this war and the dramatic effect it had in Indonesia.  Then in the final episode in this the third season of when the Cold War got Hot, I will deal with the Communist revolts in the Philippines and in Burma, the revolt in Burma would not end for 40 years.

The new episodes should appear in March,

RSS link;

http://koreanwarpodcast.libsyn.com/rss

Episode 3.10 — October 29, 2018

Episode 3.10

Beating the Communists twice

Malaysia gains its independence in 1957 and by 1960 the emergency is over the Communists having crushed by the Commonwealth forces.  A biography of Henry Lee a leading member of the ethnic Chinese community and Government minster.  Why the reason for the victory in Malaya did not apply to the Vietnam War a few years latter.  A second Communist insurgency begin in 1968 but in time that too was defeated.

To be published on Saturday 3rd November

Henry Lee