Episode 5.20 Algerian War of Independence 8 — January 11, 2021

Episode 5.20 Algerian War of Independence 8

The Pied Noir Revolt against De Gaulle

In January 1960, there is an uprising among the Pied Noir in Algiers.  For a week barricades line the main streets.  A biography of Joe Otiz, a militant Pied Noir leader.  However the revolt fades out and the leaders are jailed or flee into exile.  De Gaulle begin peace talks with the FLN but they end unsuccessfully,

To be published on Saturday 16th January.

Episode 5.19 Algerigan War of Independence 7 — January 4, 2021

Episode 5.19 Algerigan War of Independence 7

Peace of the Brave, War to the end

The French Army launches a number of offensives in Algeria, to defeat FLN guerrilla fighters, these attacks inflict losses on the FLN but do not destroy it.  A biography of the commander of the French Army in Algeria, General Challe.  Meanwhile French President De Gaulle becomes increasingly doubtful as to whether the war in Algeria can be won.  He begins to reaches out to offer a comprise peace to the Algeria independence movement.

To be published on January 9th.

General Challe

 

Episode 5.18 Algerian War of Independence 6 — December 21, 2020

Episode 5.18 Algerian War of Independence 6

The French Army coup of 1958

Increased discontent within the French Army to its Government’s handling of the war in Algeria, leads in 1958 to a French Army coup in Algiers, which quickly seizes control of Algeria and then Corsica, the Army threatens to attack Paris.  The Coup is a success, not only is the French Government brought down but the entire French Fourth Republic is sweep away and an unelected Frenchman, Charles De Gaulle becomes the new President of France, able to make laws by decree.  A biography of Charles De Gaulle.

To be published on Saturday 2nd January 2021.

Charles de Gaulle

 

Episode 5.17 Algerian War of Independence 5 —

Episode 5.17 Algerian War of Independence 5

The Battle of Algiers part two

The French 10th Para-troop Division is sent to the City of Algiers to combat the FLN’s terrorism campaign in the City.  A biography of the Division commander General Massu.  The French Army uses brutal methods to break the FLN in Algiers including the use of torture to obtain intelligence from suspected FLN members.  Over three thousands Muslims are murdered by the French Army, many have their bodies dropped into the sea from helicopters.  The power of the FLN is broken in the City and its leader Abane, flees.

To be published on Saturday 26th December 2020

General Massu
Episode 5.16 Algerian War of Independence 4 — December 14, 2020

Episode 5.16 Algerian War of Independence 4

Battle of Algiers part one

French Prime minister Guy Mollet visits Algeria and promises that the number of French troops in Algeria will be increased to a half a million men.  Yet even this massive reinforcement can not defeat the FLN Guerrillas.  In the City of Algiers, the FLN began a terrorist campaign of bombing against Pied Noir Civilians.  A biography of Abane, the FLN leader in Algiers

.

To be published on Saturday 19th December

Abane

Episode 5.15 Algerian War of Independence 3 — December 7, 2020

Episode 5.15 Algerian War of Independence 3

The Phippleville massacre

The war carries on into 1955 and takes a nastier turn when the FLN stage a massacre of Pied Noir civilians in and around the town of Philippeville (now the City of Skikda in modern Algeria).  The French Army takes revenge on Muslim civilians in the area, thousands die.  A biography of FLN military leader and later FLN Foreign Minister, Krim.

To be published on Saturday 12th December

Krim

Episode 5.14 Algerian War of Independence 2 — November 30, 2020

Episode 5.14 Algerian War of Independence 2

All Saints Day 1954

Attempts by the French Government to introduce reforms in Algeria are ruined by the French Administration who rig elections.  Many Algerian Muslims see violence and fighting for the independence as the only way forward.  The Algerian War of Independence begin on All Saints Day (November 1st) 1954, in a series of coordinated attacks.  A biograph of militant Algerian Nationalist leader and later the First President of Algeria, Ben Bella.

To be published on Saturday 5th December.

Ben Bella

 

Episode 5.13 Algerian War of independence 1 — November 23, 2020

Episode 5.13 Algerian War of independence 1

French Citizens and French subjects

In 1830 France began the conquest of Algeria.  European settlers came to live in Algeria, they would be known as the Pied Noir, their number would grow to over a million, they were French citizens with the right to vote.  Not so the eight million Algerian Muslims who were subjects without the right to vote.  This episode tells the story of Algeria up to 1945 and includes the Allied invasion of Algeria in 1942.  A biography of moderate Algerian nationalist Ferhat Abbas.  In 1945 there would be a Muslim revolt in and around the town of Setif.

to be published on Saturday 28th November.

Ferhat Abbas
Algerian War of Independence —

Algerian War of Independence

Starting on Saturday 28th November, I will begin a ten part series on the Algerian War of Independence to be released on a weekly bases.  The Algerian War of Independence saw the Algerian Muslim population fight for their independence from France.  The war last eight years from 1954 to 1962, at least three hundred thousand people died. During the war the French Army staged two military coups against their own Government.  When the war ended a million European settlers fled Algeria.

Episode 5.12 Iran 1953 Coup — November 16, 2020

Episode 5.12 Iran 1953 Coup

Iran 1953

Mossadegh had been elected as Prime Minister of Iran and he had nationalised the Iranian Oil Industry, much to the anger of the British Government.  He would be overthrown in a coup in 1953, that is often portrayed as the bringing down of a democratic elected Government by the American CIA and British Secret service but as this one off episode shows it was more complex than that, and his own abuse of power helped bring about his downfall.  A biography of Mossadegh is included..

Mossadegh