The Suez Crisis — January 28, 2021

The Suez Crisis

From February 6th, I will begin a ten part serial on the Suez Crisis of 1956.  After Egyptian President Nasser nationalise the Suez Canal, Britain, France and Israel come to a secret agreement to attack Egypt.  The result is the Second Arab – Israeli War and the Anglo – French invasion of Port Said.  The American Government opposes this and does what it can to undermine the entire enterprise.

Episode 5.22 Algerian War of Independence 10 —

Episode 5.22 Algerian War of Independence 10

The suitcase or the coffin

The streets of Algiers and Oran become a terrorist battleground between the OAS and the FLN.  The French Government and its President Charles De Gaulle agrees to the FLN demands for Algerian independence and effectively give the FLN all they want.  A million members of the Pied Noir community leave Algeria to live in France, Spain, Israel or another country, it is seen as a choice between the suitcase and the coffin.  A look at the history of Algeria after independence and a biography of Algerian President Boumenience.

To be published on Saturday 30th January

Boumeniene
Episode 5.21 Algerian War of Independence 9 — January 19, 2021

Episode 5.21 Algerian War of Independence 9

The Army revolt against De Gaulle

The French Army leadership became increasingly concern that President De Gaulle might agree to Algerian independence.  A coup by the French Army is planned in Algeria. two former commanders of the French Army in Algeria are among the plotters General Salan and General Challe, also General Zeller is leader of the coup, his biograph is included.  The coup collapses within four days.  Some of those involved go on to launch a right wing terrorist group the OAS, who try to kill De Gaulle.

to be published on Saturday 23rd January

General Zeller
Episode 5.20 Algerian War of Independence 8 — January 11, 2021

Episode 5.20 Algerian War of Independence 8

The Pied Noir Revolt against De Gaulle

In January 1960, there is an uprising among the Pied Noir in Algiers.  For a week barricades line the main streets.  A biography of Joe Otiz, a militant Pied Noir leader.  However the revolt fades out and the leaders are jailed or flee into exile.  De Gaulle begin peace talks with the FLN but they end unsuccessfully,

To be published on Saturday 16th January.

Episode 5.19 Algerigan War of Independence 7 — January 4, 2021

Episode 5.19 Algerigan War of Independence 7

Peace of the Brave, War to the end

The French Army launches a number of offensives in Algeria, to defeat FLN guerrilla fighters, these attacks inflict losses on the FLN but do not destroy it.  A biography of the commander of the French Army in Algeria, General Challe.  Meanwhile French President De Gaulle becomes increasingly doubtful as to whether the war in Algeria can be won.  He begins to reaches out to offer a comprise peace to the Algeria independence movement.

To be published on January 9th.

General Challe

 

Episode 5.18 Algerian War of Independence 6 — December 21, 2020

Episode 5.18 Algerian War of Independence 6

The French Army coup of 1958

Increased discontent within the French Army to its Government’s handling of the war in Algeria, leads in 1958 to a French Army coup in Algiers, which quickly seizes control of Algeria and then Corsica, the Army threatens to attack Paris.  The Coup is a success, not only is the French Government brought down but the entire French Fourth Republic is sweep away and an unelected Frenchman, Charles De Gaulle becomes the new President of France, able to make laws by decree.  A biography of Charles De Gaulle.

To be published on Saturday 2nd January 2021.

Charles de Gaulle

 

Episode 5.17 Algerian War of Independence 5 —

Episode 5.17 Algerian War of Independence 5

The Battle of Algiers part two

The French 10th Para-troop Division is sent to the City of Algiers to combat the FLN’s terrorism campaign in the City.  A biography of the Division commander General Massu.  The French Army uses brutal methods to break the FLN in Algiers including the use of torture to obtain intelligence from suspected FLN members.  Over three thousands Muslims are murdered by the French Army, many have their bodies dropped into the sea from helicopters.  The power of the FLN is broken in the City and its leader Abane, flees.

To be published on Saturday 26th December 2020

General Massu
Episode 5.16 Algerian War of Independence 4 — December 14, 2020

Episode 5.16 Algerian War of Independence 4

Battle of Algiers part one

French Prime minister Guy Mollet visits Algeria and promises that the number of French troops in Algeria will be increased to a half a million men.  Yet even this massive reinforcement can not defeat the FLN Guerrillas.  In the City of Algiers, the FLN began a terrorist campaign of bombing against Pied Noir Civilians.  A biography of Abane, the FLN leader in Algiers

.

To be published on Saturday 19th December

Abane

Episode 5.15 Algerian War of Independence 3 — December 7, 2020

Episode 5.15 Algerian War of Independence 3

The Phippleville massacre

The war carries on into 1955 and takes a nastier turn when the FLN stage a massacre of Pied Noir civilians in and around the town of Philippeville (now the City of Skikda in modern Algeria).  The French Army takes revenge on Muslim civilians in the area, thousands die.  A biography of FLN military leader and later FLN Foreign Minister, Krim.

To be published on Saturday 12th December

Krim

Episode 5.14 Algerian War of Independence 2 — November 30, 2020

Episode 5.14 Algerian War of Independence 2

All Saints Day 1954

Attempts by the French Government to introduce reforms in Algeria are ruined by the French Administration who rig elections.  Many Algerian Muslims see violence and fighting for the independence as the only way forward.  The Algerian War of Independence begin on All Saints Day (November 1st) 1954, in a series of coordinated attacks.  A biograph of militant Algerian Nationalist leader and later the First President of Algeria, Ben Bella.

To be published on Saturday 5th December.

Ben Bella